Difference Between Object-Oriented Programming And Procedural Programming

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Procedural programming is a type of programming that follows a specific procedure. It is also known as linear programming. On the other hand, object-oriented programming is a type of programming that is based on objects. These objects are used to store data and code.

What is Object-Oriented Programming ?

In computing, object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm based on the concept of “objects”, which can contain data, in the form of fields (often known as attributes or properties), and code, in the form of procedures (often known as methods). A feature of objects is an object’s behavior: the kind of things that an object can do. The procedures in these objects are written to take advantage of this data. For example, a graphics program may have objects such as “square”, “circle” and “line”. Each object would be programmed to know how to draw itself given certain parameters. When the program runs, it creates these objects and tells each one to draw itself.

OOP languages are diverse, but all share certain features. These include encapsulation, modularity, extensibility, polymorphism, and inheritance.

What is Procedural Programming?

Procedural programming is a type of programming that follows a specific set of instructions in order to complete a task. This type of programming is typically used for tasks that are repeated or need to be completed in a certain order.

Procedural programming can be used for simple tasks, such as adding two numbers together, or for more complex tasks, such as creating a computer game. In order to create a program using procedural programming, the programmer will need to list out all the steps that need to be completed in order to complete the task.

Once the programmer has created the program, it can be run on a computer and will complete the task automatically. This can save a lot of time, especially for tasks that need to be completed frequently.

Main differences between Object-Oriented Programming and Procedural Programming

There are two main types of programming paradigms: object-oriented programming (OOP) and procedural programming. Both have their own benefits and drawbacks, so it’s important to choose the right one for your project. Here’s a quick rundown of the main differences between these two paradigms:

OOP is centered around objects, which are self-contained units that encapsulate data and behavior. In contrast, procedural programming is focused on writing code that can be executed step-by-step.

OOP is generally more flexible and extensible than procedural programming. This is because objects can be easily reused and modified without affecting the rest of the code. However, this flexibility comes at the cost of increased complexity.

Procedural programming is usually easier to learn and understand than OOP.

Similar Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What are some common object-oriented programming languages?

There are many programming languages in use today, but not all of them are object-oriented. Some of the most popular object-oriented languages include Java, Python, and C++. These languages have certain features that set them apart from traditional procedural languages such as C.

Object-oriented programming languages are designed to support the concept of objects. An object is a self-contained unit that contains both data and code. Objects can be created, reused, and modified without affecting other parts of the program. This makes object-oriented programming an attractive option for large and complex applications.

C++ is one of the oldest and most widely used object-oriented languages. It was developed in the early 1980s by Bjarne Stroustrup while working on his PhD at Bell Labs. C++ was designed to be an extension of the programming language C, hence its name.

In conclusion,it is important to understand the difference between object-oriented programming and procedural programming in order to choose the right development approach for your project. OOP is more powerful and flexible, but it can be more complex. Procedural programming is simpler, but it can be less efficient. Ultimately, the decision of which style to use depends on the specific needs of your project.