Neanderthals were a species of hominids that went extinct around 40,000 years ago. They were similar to modern humans in many ways, but there were also some significant differences. For example, Neanderthals had a more robust build and different proportions than modern humans. They also had larger brains, but this didn’t necessarily mean they were more intelligent.
What is Human ?
In order to answer the question of what is human, one must first consider what separates humans from other animals. One key difference is that humans are bipedal, meaning they walk on two legs instead of four. Additionally, humans have opposable thumbs, which allows them to grip and hold objects in a way that other animals cannot. Finally, humans have a very large brain compared to their body size, and this gives them the ability to think and reason in ways that other animals cannot.
So what does all of this mean? Essentially, it means that humans are unique among all other animals in their abilities to walk upright, grip and hold objects, and think abstractly. These abilities have allowed humans to create complex civilizations and cultures that are completely different from anything else found in the natural world.
What is Neanderthal?
Neanderthals were a species of humans that lived in Europe and Asia until around 40,000 years ago. They were first discovered in the 19th century, when workers unearthed their bones in a German quarry. Neanderthals were shorter and stockier than modern humans, with distinctively large noses and brow ridges. They are thought to have been good hunters and skilled craftsmen.
Recent DNA studies have shown that Neanderthals interbred with modern humans, and that some people today carry Neanderthal genes. We don’t know exactly why the Neanderthals died out, but it’s possible that their small population size made them vulnerable to disease or climate change.
Main differences between Human and Neanderthal
There are many differences between Neanderthals and Humans. One main difference is that Neanderthals had a more robust skeleton than Humans. This is due to the fact that Neanderthals lived in a more hostile environment than Humans. Another difference is that Neanderthals had a higher degree of sexual dimorphism than Humans. This means that there were more physical differences between male and female Neanderthals than between male and female Humans. Finally, Neanderthals also had larger brains than Humans. However, it is not clear if this was due to their larger body size or if they actually had higher intelligence levels than Humans.
Similar Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
What did the Neanderthals disappear from the fossil record because of?
There are many theories about what caused the Neanderthals to disappear from the fossil record. One theory is that they were out-competed by Homo sapiens, who were better adapted to changing climatic conditions. Another theory is that they were simply absorbed into the Homo sapiens population through interbreeding.
Recent research has suggested that a third possibility is that the Neanderthals disappeared because of their own unique biology. Studies of Neanderthal DNA have shown that they had a higher rate of genetic mutations than Homo sapiens. This may have made them less able to adapt to changing conditions and eventually led to their extinction.
Whatever the reason for their disappearance, the Neanderthals were a distinct and important part of human history. They lived in Europe and Asia for over 200,000 years and left behind a rich archaeological record.
In conclusion,the main differences between human and Neanderthal are the size of the brain, body, and nose. Neanderthals also have more robust bones and a different DNA. Although there are many similarities, the differences between human and Neanderthal are significant enough to consider them two separate species.
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